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    Winston-Salem State University
   
 
  Dec 17, 2017
 
 
    
Undergraduate Catalog 2017-2019

Biology Major, BS


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Major in Biology

Program Description

The Bachelors of Science (B.S.) degree in biology provides a strong foundation in life sciences emphasizing an interdisciplinary and liberal education approach. Biology majors study the diversity of life, and vital topics such as structure and function, evolution, genetics, and cellular and molecular biology. Students considering a degree in the Biological Sciences can opt for a general curriculum or could choose to focus in a particular area by selecting one of five areas of concentration listed below.  All of these curricula lead to a variety of overlapping post-graduation school and career options.  In addition to a major in Biology, the program also offers minors in Biology, Biotechnology, and Neuroscience for non-biology majors.  We encourage students to examine the differences in course requirements and select a curriculum that best matches their academic interests.  

Concentrations

  • General
  • Biotechnology
  • Cellular and Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology
  • Neuroscience
  • Pre-Health Professional

 

Student Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the program, the student will:

  • Demonstrate both in-depth and broad knowledge of the concepts comprising the biological sciences.
  • Integrate knowledge across sub-disciplines of biology.
  • Demonstrate basic laboratory skills, including quantitative (and qualitative) skills.
  • Demonstrate critical thinking skills, including developing hypotheses and designing, conducting, analyzing, and interpreting experiments.
  • Communicate biological knowledge effectively in written and oral form.
  • Find, select, and evaluate various types of scientific information.

General Major Requirements

 

Students majoring in biology must complete a minimum of 120 semester hours (SH) in order to graduate.  This includes satisfying the General Education (GE) course requirements, completing     outlined areas of foundation, breadth, and depth courses, and appropriate elective requirements. Several of these courses can also be taken as part of the general education (GE) requirements.  A minimum grade of C− or better is required in each biology and chemistry course. Required major courses include 22 SH of Foundation courses, 21 SH of Breadth courses and 14 SH of Depth courses. In addition, during the senior year, all students must complete and present a Senior Reflection Project. This project provides a “capstone” experience and will be in the form of an e-portfolio.

 

Students who plan to attend graduate, professional, or medical school may need additional courses that are not required for the biology major. Students are strongly advised to investigate the requirements early, consult with their advisors, and plan their schedules accordingly.

 

Major Curriculum

Foundation Courses (22 Semester Hours)

The following foundation courses are required to prepare students for both breadth and depth studies.

BIO 1313/1113 Gen Biology I and Lab (GE)

BIO 1314/1114 Gen Biology II and Lab (GE)

BIO 1307 Scientific Writing (GE)

          [Pre-requisite:  Level I writing course] (GE)

CHE 1313/1113 Gen Chem I and Lab (GE)

[Pre-requisite:  MAT 1311 or MAT 1312 or MAT 1313 or MAT 1323 or MAT 1401 or MAT    2303 or MAT 2304 or MAT 2316 or MAT 2317] (GE)

CHE 1314/1114 Gen Chem II and Lab (GE)

*MAT/PSY/SOC/GER 2326 or MAT 3310 or EXS 2310 Demystifying the Statistics of the Health Sciences, or MAT 2317 Calculus I (all are GE except MAT 3310)

*For most medical and graduate programs at least 2 semesters of math are required, at least one in calculus.

Breadth (21 Semester Hours minimum)

Students must complete CHE 2326 (Organic Chemistry I; lab is optional) and PHY 1321/1121 (College Physics I lecture/lab).  Students must complete the remaining 14 hours by taking one course from Areas I, II, III, and IV and additional laboratory courses.  Those additional laboratory courses can be an Area I course or any of the optional laboratory courses from Areas II, III, and IV. Courses used to fulfill the breadth areas may not be used to fulfill depth concentration requirements.

 

Area I (2–4 SH): Biotechniques and Lab Skills

BIO 1115/1315 Intro to Biotech with lab

BIO 3201 Tissue Culture

BIO 2277 Investigation & Research I

BIO 3277 Investigation & Research II

BIO 3333 Field Biology

 

Area II (3–4 SH): Cells & Molecules   Optional laboratories may be taken with the lecture to fulfill the 14 breadth hours.

BIO 3337 Biomolecules (BIO 3137 lab optional)

BIO 3342 Introduction to Molecular Biology

BIO 3364 Cell Biology (BIO 3164 lab optional)

 

Area III (3–4 SH): Structure & Function   Optional laboratories may be taken with the lecture to fulfill the 14 breadth hours.

BIO 3231/3232 Microbiology with lab

BIO 3311/3111 Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology with lab

BIO 3336 Developmental Bio (BIO 3136 lab optional)

BIO 3343 Histology (BIO 3143 lab optional)

BIO 2311/2111 Anatomy & Physiology I with lab

 

Area IV (3 SH): Heredity, Evolution, & Diversity    Optional laboratories may be taken with the course to fulfill the 14 breadth hours.

BIO 2310    Zoology (BIO 2110 lab optional)

BIO 2316    Botany (BIO 2116 lab optional)

BIO 3366    Genetics (BIO 3166 lab optional)

BIO 3371    Ecology & Evolution (BIO 3171 lab optional)

 

 

Depth (14 Semester Hours)

The biological sciences program does offer a General Biology degree. However, students may alternatively elect to choose to focus in a specific area by selecting 1 of 5 areas of depth or concentration (minimum 14 SH).  The optional concentration areas are Biotechnology, Cellular and Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Neuroscience, and Pre-Professional. 

General Biology

The General Biology degree without a concentration allows students to explore several biological disciplines instead of concentrating on one specific area.  Students will obtain a greater breadth of knowledge by completing additional coursework in the four breadth areas.  This concentration is designed for students seeking a more general education in the biological sciences and for students who do not have immediate plans to enter graduate or professional schools.  This depth concentration would be particularly suited for those students pursuing a career in education.

General Biology (≥) 14 SH without Concentration

Required Courses (4 SH)

BIO 4276

Seminar

BIO 4277

Investigation and Research III

In addition to the required 14 SH in the breadth areas, students with a focus in General Biology must complete 11-15 SH consisting of one additional course from each of the Breadth Areas (II, III and IV) along with one Biology elective course ≥ 3000 level).

 

Biotechnology

The Biology degree with a Biotechnology concentration is designed for scholars seeking work in the pharmaceutical or biotech industry and allows students to gain hands-on experience using several cutting-edge molecular techniques and research instrumentation.  Additionally, this concentration focuses on developing more advanced technical skills that are essential for career success. 

Biotechnology Concentration (≥ 14 SH)

Required Courses (4 SH)

BIO 4276

Seminar

BIO 4277

Investigation and Research III

or

BIO 4406

Biotechnology Internship

 

≥ 10 SH of any of the following depth courses

BIO 3305

Topics in Bioinformatics

BIO 3334

Molecular Biology and Biotech I

BIO 3335

Molecular Biology and Biotech II

BIO 4374

Proteomics

BIO 4347

Molecular Genetics

BIO 3201

Tissue Culture

BIO 3347

Industrial Microbiology

BIO 3147

Industrial Microbiology Lab

BIO 3352

Biotechnology Regulations, Laws & Ethics

BUA 3302

Business Ethics

 

Cellular and Molecular Biology

The Biology degree with a Cellular and Molecular Biology concentration prepares students to be at the cutting edge in modern cell and molecular biology and to be fully prepared to be competitive in applications for entry into graduate degree programs; medical, veterinary, or dental programs; or technical industrial jobs. 

Cell & Molecular Biology Concentration

(≥ 14 SH)

Required Courses (4 SH)

BIO 4276

Seminar

BIO 4277

Investigation and Research III

 

≥ 10 SH of any of the following depth courses

BIO 3336

Developmental Biology

BIO 3136

Developmental Biology Lab

BIO 3343

Histology

BIO 3143

Histology Lab

BIO 3201

Tissue Culture

BIO 3364

Cell Biology

BIO 3164

Cell Biology Lab

BIO 4305

Integrative Metabolism

BIO 4105

Integrative Metabolism Lab

BIO 4347

Molecular Genetics

BIO 4376

Biochemistry

BIO 4310

Cancer Biology

PHY 3325

Intro to Biophysics

BIO 4423

Immunology

BIO 4123

Immunology Lab

 

Microbiology

The Biology degree with a Microbiology concentration provides excellent preparation for graduate study in many areas of biological science, as well as for professional study in medical, veterinary, or dental school. Graduates with bachelor’s degrees can pursue careers in industrial, environmental, clinical, food, or pharmaceutical microbiology, and can also work as technicians in university, government, industrial, or hospital research laboratories. 

Microbiology Concentration (≥ 14 SH)

Required Courses (4-8 SH)

BIO 4276

Seminar

BIO 4277

Investigation and Research III

or

BIO 3647

Research in Microbiology

 

≥ 10 SH of any of the following depth courses

BIO 3236

Parasitology

BIO 3126

Parasitology Lab

BIO 3231

Microbiology

BIO 3232

Microbiology Lab

BIO 4376

Biochemistry

BIO 4176

Biochemistry Lab

BIO 4308

Virology

BIO 4323

Immunology

BIO 4123

Immunology Lab

 

Neurosciences

Students pursuing the Biology degree with a Neuroscience concentration will use methods and theories spanning disciplines from biochemistry to psychology to investigate the function of the nervous system. This concentration prepares students for advanced study in neuroscience or careers in biotechnology, governmental, pharmaceutical, health care, and social service organizations.

Neuroscience Concentration (≥ 14 SH)

Required Courses (10 SH)

BIO 4276

Seminar

BIO 4277

Investigation and Research III

BIO 3315

Fundamentals of Neuroscience

(*pre-req – BIO 3311/3111 or BIO 2311/2111 & BIO 2312/2112)

BIO 3115

Fundamentals of Neuroscience Lab

BIO 322

Neuroscience Seminar

 

≥ 4 SH of any of the following depth courses

BIO 2312/

2112

Anatomy & Physiology II with lab

BIO 3336

Developmental Biology

PSY 3301

Biological Psychology

PSY 3307

Social Psychology

PSY 3308

Cognitive Psychology

PSY 3336

Developmental Psychology

PSY 3348

Sensation and Perception

 

Pre-Health Professional

The Biology degree with a Pre-Professional concentration is designed to assist a student in gaining admission to and succeeding in a professional health program, including, but not limited to allopathic medicine, chiropractic medicine, dentistry, optometry, osteopathic medicine, pharmacy, physician assistant, physical therapy, podiatric medicine, and veterinary medicine.   

Pre-Health Professional Concentration (≥ 14 SH)

Required Courses (4 SH)

BIO 4276

Seminar

BIO 4277

Investigation and Research III

≥ 10 SH of any of the following depth courses

(at least 6 SH must be Biology courses)

BIO 2312/2112

Anatomy & Physiology II with Lab

BIO 3231

Microbiology

BIO 3232

Microbiology

BIO 3310

Biology of Aging

BIO 3361

Human Physiology

BIO 3343

Histology

BIO 3143

Histology Lab

BIO 4352

Intro to Med Phys/Pharm

BIO 4310

Cancer Biology

BIO 4305

Integrative Metabolism

BIO 4105

Integrative Metabolism Lab

BIO 3364

Cell Biology

BIO 3164

Cell Biology Lab

BIO 4376

Biochemistry

BIO 4176

Biochemistry Lab

BIO 4423

Immunology

BIO 4123

Immunology Lab

PHY 1322

College Physics II

PHY 1122

College Physics II Lab

CHE 2327

Organic Chemistry II

CHE 2127

Organic Chemistry II Lab

Recommendations

Admission requirements for graduate, professional, or medical programs may vary. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that students investigate the requirements early, consult with their advisors, and plan their schedules accordingly. In addition, many courses have prerequisites of which students need to be aware. For detailed course options for specific concentrations, please refer to the departmental program planning worksheets: https://www.wssu.edu/admissions/programs/biology.html

Minor Curriculum 

Minor programs in the Department of Biological Sciences are designed for students pursuing major degrees outside of the Biological Sciences.  These programs are offered to students who may have an interest in the biological sciences or more focused interest in the areas of biotechnology or neuroscience.  Each minor program requires a minimum of 18 SH, with a required grade of “C−” or better in all required courses.  Requirements for each specific program are below.    

Biology Minor

Required General Education Courses

BIO 1313/1113       General Biology I/Lab

BIO 1314/1114       General Biology II/ Lab

In addition to the required general education courses, students must complete a minimum of 10 semester hours of biology courses (BIO) beyond the GE requirements.  

 

Biotechnology Minor

Required General Education Courses

BIO 1315/1115       Introduction to Biotechnology/ Lab

BIO 1313/1113       General Biology I/ Lab

BUA 3302               Business Ethics

In addition to the required general education courses, students must complete ≥11 hours of courses from the biotechnology curriculum that is listed below.

BIO 4277      Investigation & Research or BIO 4406 Internship - Required

BIO 3305      Bioinformatics

BIO 3334      Molecular Biology and Biotechniques I

BIO 3347      Industrial Microbiology

BIO 3147      Industrial Microbiology Lab

BIO 4347      Molecular Genetics

BIO 4374      Proteomics

 

Neuroscience Minor 

Required General Education Courses

BIO 1313/1113       General Biology I/Lab

PSY 1301                Introduction to Psychological Sciences

In addition to the general education courses, students must complete a minimum of 18-19 hours of courses related physiology, neuroscience, and psychology. This can be done by completing either the Neuroscience I or II pathway.

Neuroscience Pathway I

BIO 2311     Anatomy & Physiology I

BIO 2111     Anatomy & Physiology I Lab

BIO 2312     Anatomy & Physiology II

BIO 2112     Anatomy & Physiology II Lab

BIO 3315     Fundamentals of Neuroscience

BIO 3115     Fundamentals of Neuroscience Lab

BIO 3225     Neuroscience Seminar

BIO 4277     Investigation and Research III

 

Select one Psychological Sciences course from the following:

 

PSY 3301    Biological Psychology

PSY 3307    Social Psychology

PSY 3308    Cognitive Psychology

PSY 3336    Developmental Psychology

PSY 3348    Sensation and Perception

Neuroscience Pathway II

BIO 3311     Fundamentals of Anatomy &

                   Physiology

BIO 3111     Fundamentals of Anatomy &

                   Physiology Lab

BIO 3315     Fundamentals of Neuroscience

BIO 3115     Fundamentals of Neuroscience Lab

BIO 3225     Neuroscience Seminar

BIO 4277     Investigation and Research III

 

Select two Psychological Sciences course from the following:

 

PSY 3301    Biological Psychology

PSY 3307    Social Psychology

PSY 3308    Cognitive Psychology

PSY 3336    Developmental Psychology

PSY 3348    Sensation and Perception

 

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